Psikhologicheskii zhurnal

The bimonthly peer-review journal published since July 1980.


  • Russian Academy of Sciences


  • Russian Academy of Sciences

The journal is published under the supervision of the RAS Department of Historical and Philological Sciences (OIFN RAS).


Professor A.L. Zhuravlev

ORCID ID 0000-0002-2555-7599

About the journal

The journal publishes articles on fundamental problems of psychology, its methodological, theoretical and experimental foundations, as well as the results of research related to applied issues of social and scientific life.

The concept

The journal publishes original completed scientific works, performed in the context of topical problems in various fields of psychology or at the junction of borderline disciplines in various genres:

  • theoretical and methodological articles;
  • articles describing empirical research;
  • new methodological techniques;
  • short communications (descriptions of empirical studies and new techniques);
  • literature reviews (informational-analytical and critical-analytical);
  • materials on the history of psychology, as well as comments on previously published materials and responses by authors, book reviews, reviews of current scientific press, communications and reports on scientific events (congresses, conventions, conferences, symposia), scientific chronicle and information.

Psychological Journal was founded in 1980.

The establisher and main Editor till 1988 was Director of the Institure of Psychology Academy of sciences of USSR Boris F. Lomov. From 1988 till 2002 the Main Editor was Director of the Institure of Psychology of Russian Academy of sciences Andrey V.Bruhslinsky.

Current Main Editor is Prof. Anatoly Zhuravlev, Director of the Institure of Psychology of Russian Academy of sciences

Issues are 6 times per year.

Key areas

  • Theoretical and methodological problems of psychology;
  • social psychology;
  • economic psychology;
  • legal psychology;
  • cognitive psychology;
  • psychology of individual differences;
  • engineering psychology;
  • psychology of work;
  • psychophysiology;
  • clinical psychology;
  • neuropsychology;
  • cross-cultural and ethnic psychology;
  • political psychology;
  • psychology and Internet;
  • personality psychology;
  • psychology of understanding;
  • development psychology;
  • speech psychology;
  • psycholinguistics;
  • psychology of professional activity;
  • subject psychology.


Current Issue

Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Access granted  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Vol 44, No 2 (2023)

Cover Page

Full Issue

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription Access

Theoretical and metodological problems in psychology

Development of Organizational Social Psychology at St. Petersburg (Leningrad) State University
Pochebut L.G., Chiker V.A., Zhuravlev A.L.

Russian organizational psychology began to develop in the 20s of the twentieth century. The impetus for its appearance was the need for accelerated industrial development. In the early years of its inception, organizational psychology was based on ideas expressed in this field by foreign scientists and practitioners — organizers of production. Numerous conferences on the problems of scientific organization of labor were held, and their own scientific directions and theories were gradually formed. The main goals of organizational psychology are psychological support and the search for ways to improve the efficiency of work in various organizations. Pioneering work in this area was the research of scientists of the St. Petersburg (Leningrad) Psychological School. The article discusses the historical milestones of the creation and development of organizational social psychology at LSU/St. Petersburg State University. Special attention is paid to the analysis of scientific and historical prerequisites for the formation and current state of organizational social psychology at the Department of Social Psychology of St. Petersburg State University. The main directions of socio-psychological thought in the field of organizational psychology are: 1) scientific analysis and search for socio-psychological ways to improve the efficiency of personnel; 2) substantiation of approaches to the study of the socio-psychological climate and organizational culture; 3) research of socio-psychological processes occurring in labor collectives (job satisfaction, labor stimulation, collective forms of labor organization, adaptation of employees, increasing their loyalty and engagement); 4) development of socio-psychological methods of training employees of organizations (business games, socio-psychological training); 5) theoretical and methodological justification of the concept of consolidation of the social capital of organizations; 6) study of career problems and gender inequality of working women.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):5-14
pages 5-14 views

Psychology of professional activity

Gender Inequality at Work as a Factor of Women's Career Success
Gurieva S.G., Mararitsa L.V., Kazantseva T.V., Gundelakh O.E.

The research is devoted to the problem of studying mechanisms of influence of gender inequality on career success of working women. The aim of the study is to find the connection between manifestations of gender inequality and resources available for development in the workplace and the career success of a woman. A socio-psychological model of success factors for working women was developed, including both the organizational environment and career resources for predicting success. The study was conducted in two phases in 2020–2021 using an online survey on a sample of women working in organizations in different fields. In the first phase (206 women aged 19 to 62), the relationships of the individual constructs of the model were tested; in the second phase (781 women aged 18 to 82), the socio-psychological model was tested by structural modelling (SEM). The results of the study confirm a positive relationship of women's career success with the availability of organizational resources (R=0.56, p

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):15-27
pages 15-27 views
Cohesion, Productivity Norms and Effectiveness of Small Production Groups and Informal Subgroups
Sidorenkov A.V., Borokhovski E.F.

The relationship of cohesion and productivity norms (including their combination with each other) to perceived subject-activity effectiveness (fulfillment of the plan and current tasks, success of activity in difficult conditions) and socio-psychological effectiveness (group/subgroup satisfaction, psychological comfort in the group/subgroup) of small production groups and informal subgroups has been studied. The study was conducted among 39 production groups (N=349 employees) in different occupational areas, most of which were dominated by joint-individual forms of organization. All of the surveyed groups were found to have stable informal subgroups, the number of which varied from one to three. Cohesion within groups and subgroups was positively and significantly more strongly related to socio-psychological effectiveness than to subject-activity effectiveness. This relationship is stronger in groups compared to subgroups. The subgroups’ norm of productivity has a significant positive correlation with their fulfillment of the plan and current tasks. No significant correlation was found between the groups’ productivity norm and any indicator of their subject-activity effectiveness. The norm of productivity and cohesion creates a positive interactive effect regarding the success of the groups in difficult conditions and the subgroups’ fulfillment of plan and current tasks. The findings extend the understanding of the direct and mediated links between cohesion and productivity norms and the two types of effectiveness of small production groups and the informal subgroups formed in them.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):28-39
pages 28-39 views

Clinical psychology

Features of Temperament and Character in Families with Recurrent Depressive and Bipolar Affective Disorders
Kasyanov E.D., Kibitov A.O., Mazo G.E.

The research is devoted to the study of temperament and character characteristics in families with mood disorders (recurrent depressive disorder (RВВ) and bipolar affective disorder (BD)). Many temperament and character traits tend to aggregate in families and influence the risk of RDD and BD. At the same time, no studies have been conducted in the Russian population with an assessment of temperament and character traits depending on the presence of mood disorders in families. The hypothesis of the study: patients with mood disorders and their relatives have specific features of temperament and character. 36 probands with RDD and BD and 68 of their relatives were examined, as well as 23 probands without mood disorders and 53 of their relatives. A Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125) was used to assess personality traits. The results of the study showed that probands with mood disorders, in comparison with their relatives, had significantly higher scores on such TCI-125 dimensions as novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and reward dependence. However, the main contribution to the identified differences was made by relatives without mood disorders. Probands with mood disorders had a higher score on the dimension of harm avoidance compared to healthy probands. In addition, a higher score on the novelty seeking dimension was associated with the absence of relatives with mood disorders when comparing healthy relatives of probands with mood disorders and healthy relatives of probands without mood disorders. It is concluded that there are specific temperament traits in families with mood disorders that can be considered as candidates for the endophenotypes of RDD and BD.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):40-49
pages 40-49 views
Differences in Phobia Phobias Associated with Diseases in Men and Women
Groshev I.V., Davydova Y.A.

The relationship between the presence of the disease and the formation of its phobic plot in men and women has been investigated. The methodology of the work was based on a secondary analysis of the results of conducted and published studies on the existing objects (diseases) of phobias. Based on a meta–analysis of data from more than 70 scientific papers, a sample of 35620 thousand people was obtained and 136 diseases were identified for which men and women form FTD, of which 44 diseases in the group of men, 76 diseases in women; 15 diseases simultaneously determine the appearance and formation of persistent phobias in both sex groups. It is concluded that this type of phobias occurs in many cases in women who suffer from it more often, which is caused by such factors as somatization, the context of the symptom of the disease, obsession, compulsion, etc. Men using compensatory strategies have a lower percentage of FT. There are four conditional groups of diseases that equally cause fear in men and women. Based on the use of the cognitive approach, the process of modeling the phobic space is described and it is shown that men use the “real” parameter more often, women use the “imaginary” parameter. The phobic space of women includes substitutions in the form of various feelings and emotions that have different degrees of phobia. At the heart of this process in women is a strong “phobic” attitude. It is shown that the prediction of the etiology of FT does not allow us to unequivocally assert their inherent determinacy. As a conclusion, the conclusion is made about the greater prevalence and prevalence in the frequency of development and comorbidity of FT in the group of women. However, it is not possible to state unequivocally what causes this gender difference at the moment, which actualizes further study of phobias of diseases in men and women.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):50-62
pages 50-62 views
Peculiarities of the Activity of the Brain Structures of People with Schizophrenia During the Categorization of Objects of Animate and Inanimate Nature
Shchemeleva O.V., Murav'eva S.V., Lebedev V.S., Vershinina E.A.

One of the features of the work of the brain of people suffering from schizophrenia is changes in the activity of their brain during visual categorization of animate and inanimate objects. The purpose of this study was to analyze the brain activity of people with schizophrenia and their visual categorization of objects with different semantic and physical characteristics. It was assumed that the patterns of brain activity in individuals with schizophrenia would differ from the group of healthy individuals both in the early and late stages of visual processing. Using the method of visual evoked potentials, we studied the features of brain activity in 25 people suffering from schizophrenia from 1 to 7 years old, when they categorized images of animate and inanimate nature, low and high spatial frequency. It was found that the amplitudes of P170 (N170) in the left and right posterior and central leads, as well as the amplitudes of P300 in the central lead in people with schizophrenia do not differ during categorization of animate and inanimate objects, which does not correspond to the data obtained earlier from the people without mental health abnormalities. The revealed result is important for a better understanding of the restructuring of the brain during visual perception of objects of different categories, which occurs during the development of schizophrenia.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):63-74
pages 63-74 views

Methodes and procedures

Russian-Language Adaptation of the Methodology of Diagnosing the Motives for Online Dating Servicesusage
Vorobieva А.Е., Shmidt D.A., Nestik T.A.

The article is devoted to the psychological aspects of online dating services usage and tools to study the motives of such services users. A theoretical analysis of Russian and foreign studies of online dating services users was carried out. The analysis showed that the general research interest is related to the personal characteristics of users and their self-presentation strategies in such services. Among foreign researchers, it is common to study the characteristics of sexual behavior and motivation of users as well as their perception of the confidentiality of data provided to such services. There were no Russian-language works on the problem of motives for online dating services using. Due to the lack of Russian-language tools the Tinder Motives Scale methodology developed by E. Timmermans, E. de Kaluwe was selected for adaptation. A Russian-language adaptation and verification of the psychometric properties of the technique was made on a sample of 3540 (2255 male, aged 18 to 60+). This allowed us to offer a valid and reliable, shortened (from 58 to 22 points) and modified Russian-language version of the methodology for diagnosing the motives for online dating services using. The scale “Material motivation” was added. Scales “Flirting / communication skills development”, “Travel” “Belonging to a group”, “Pressure of friends”, “Search for people with the same sexual orientation”, “Distraction from business” and “Curiosity” were not confirmed. 

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):75-88
pages 75-88 views
Russian-Language Version the Inventory of Attachment to Parents and Peers by G. Armsden and M. Greenberg
Sabelnikova N.V., Kashirsky D.V., Sadovnikova T.Y.

The article presents the results of validation of the Russian version of the G. Armsden and M. Greenberg’s Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA-Ru). The sample consisted of 747 students of Russian universities (n=747) aged 16–21 (M=18.72; SD=0.97), females – 71%. The factor structure of the Russian version was confirmed. The results of assessment of convergent validity and descriptive statistics (norms) are presented. The study demonstrated that the measure is suitable for use for research purposes in the Russian sample.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):89-104
pages 89-104 views

Historical psychology

The Image of Peter I in the Russian Mind
Zhuravlev A.L., Kitova D.A.

The article shows that the personality of Peter I occupies an important place in the structure of public thought, but often receives conflicting assessments. The task of the study was to study the image of the emperor in the minds of our contemporaries. The search was implemented by referring to the texts of messages about Peter I in social networks. In the course of the study, frequency, morphological and emotional analysis of texts was carried out. Along with the evaluation of the emotional, psychological and personal characteristics of the emperor, the authors carried out a meaningful analysis of the psychological characteristics of the attitude of users to the historical situation as a whole, which allows not only to describe the personal characteristics of the emperor, but also to demonstrate their place in the overall structure of assessments of his activities. The obtained results showed a respectful attitude of users to the achievements of the emperor with a pronounced emotional disagreement with the palette of some of his worldview beliefs. As private conclusions, it is shown that the interest of contemporaries (users of social networks) in the image of Peter I is more concentrated on progressive changes at the state level. The psychological image of Peter I is represented by detailed assessments. The main psychological features of the emperor are summarized in the minds of users into two enlarged subgroups — individual psychological and organizational and managerial. An analysis of the emotional background of the messages showed that when assessing the life of the emperor, a neutral background prevails, which may be due to the historical distance between eras. As prospects, the authors indicate methodological and applied areas of research that require additional research attention.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):105-115
pages 105-115 views

History of psycology

The Great Psychologist: K.D. Ushinsky as a Methodologist of Psychology
Mazilov V.A.

The article is dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the Great Russian teacher and psychologist K.D. Ushinsky, whose contribution to the development of pedagogy and psychology is undeniable. However, the psychological component of the creativity and legacy of the great scientist and innovator remains largely underestimated: in modern Russian textbooks on the history of psychology, K.D. Ushinsky's psychological research is not given any significant attention, also in foreign ones Ushinsky's psychological works are not mentioned at all. The article states that one of the main achievements of the scientist is the methodology of substantiation of scientific psychology. Even though Ushinsky was not a psychologist, did not position himself as a psychologist, he developed the scientific foundations of psychology to build scientific pedagogy. Psychology as a science simply did not exist at that time, so the development of a system of psychology was a means of solving its main task. Russian pedagogue's solution to Ushinsky's problem, however, represented a unique achievement of world psychological science, and the solution of the Russian pedagogue was original, since the project was focused on the development of practical psychology for teachers. The article provides an analysis of reasons for such underestimation of Ushinsky’s project by scientific community — objective (traditions of considering psychology and public expectations) and subjective (Ushinsky positioning himself exclusively as a teacher and belittling his contribution to psychology). It is mentioned that B.G. Ananyev (1945), who called the Russian scientist a “great psychologist, but the assessment of the classic of Soviet psychology has not become generally accepted, noticed Ushinsky’s contribution to the creation of the original system of psychology. The article analyzes the reasons for the lack of resonance of the publication, among which the main ones are ideological and socio-cultural, related to the uncertain status of psychology itself in the early 1950s, after the session of the two academies, when the proximity to the physiological teaching of I.P. Pavlov and the materialism of the concept became the determining factor. The article gives an outline of K.D. Ushinsky's methodological concept, which allows asserting that Ushinsky proposed a project of scientific psychology, the first practice-oriented project of psychological science in the history of world psychology.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):116-127
pages 116-127 views


The Problem of Correlation of Concepts in a System-Network Approach to Psychological Knowledge
Kornilova T.V.

A cycle of their three articles is summarized, summarizing the development of the conceptual field of psychology by the staff of the Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the last five years. The agreement with the authors on the need to revise the classification approach to concepts is emphasized due to the development of psychological knowledge and the active formation of a network approach that does not contradict the system approach and reflects the multiparadigm of psychological science.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):128-131
pages 128-131 views
New Methodological Approaches of Modern Psychology in a Digital Society
Martsinkovskaya T.D.

The content of the article continues the discussion that unfolds around compiling a “map or system” of concepts developed by scientists from the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The discussion began with a three-volume monograph by A.L. Zhuravlev and E.A. Sergienko and their articles devoted to the analysis of the main ideas outlined in it. This very article emphasizes the importance and extreme timeliness of this monograph and articles, especially relevant in a changing digital society, which has become a challenge for the methodology of both psychology and science in general. At the same time, the necessity of expanding the system of concepts with categories of other scientific schools and approaches is shown. The limitations of the network principle of constructing a system of categories, at first glance, consonant with the ideas of the digital world, are shown. It is proposed to construct preliminary system based on the methodology of postmodern (inter-discipline) with subsequent expansion to the level of trans-discipline (post-postmodernity). As an option, a combination of open gestalts of separate concepts with the “core-periphery” system, which includes the concepts of various scientific schools, is proposed.

Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2023;44(2):132-136
pages 132-136 views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies