Russian Journal of Dentistry

Peer-review bimonthly medical journal.


Journal founders

  • Izdatelstvo "Meditsyna"
  • Eco-Vector Publishing Group



The journal is aimed at practicing dentists, implantologists, maxillofacial surgeons, and professionals specializing in a new branch of dentistry called “neural dentistry”.

The journal covers relevant issues in dentistry, neurology, neural dentistry, implantology, and etiology. It provides information on the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, treatment and prevention of oral and facial pathologies, emergency treatments, rare diseases, and new dental equipment and drugs. The journal publishes original articles, lectures, reviews, clinical analyses of diagnostically difficult cases, and material on education and dental care management. 

Types of accepted articles

  • reviews
  • systematic reviews and metaanalyses
  • original research
  • clinical case reports and series
  • letters to the editor
  • short communications
  • clinical practice guidelines


  • in English and Russian
  • bimonthly, 6 issues per year
  • continuously in Online First
  • with Article Submission Charges (ASC)
  • distribution in hybrid mode - by subscription and/or Open Access
    (OA articles with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0))


  • Russian Science Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Russian Science Electronic Library (
  • Google Scholar
  • Ulrich's Periodicals directory
  • WorldCat
  • Crossref


Current Issue

Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Access granted  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Vol 26, No 6 (2022)

Cover Page

Full Issue

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
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Clinical Investigation

Treating patients with deep mycoses of the maxillofacial region against a COVID-19 background
Markarov A.E., Naumenko M.V., Orazvaliev A.I., Dubov D.V., Zhabko E.V.

BACKGROUND: Complications characterized by necrosis of the nasal mucosa and the hard palate, as well as the middle and lower nasal concha with exposure of the alveolar process, destruction of the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus and the bottom of the orbit caused by a fungal infection were noted during the COVID-19 pandemic. By January 2022, such cases had been documented in 18 countries worldwide. The main predisposing factors for this condition are diabetes mellitus and inadequate use of corticosteroids. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis or zygomycosis is a rare disease caused by filamentous fungi affecting the nose, paranasal sinuses, and brain.

AIM: To present the treatment strategy for patients with deep mycoses of the maxillofacial region against a background of transferred COVID-19 in the State Clinical Hospital named after F.I. Inozemtsev DZM.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with a cerebral form of mucormycosis of the maxillofacial region arose against a background of a new coronavirus infection associated with SARS-CoV-2.

RESULTS: The study shows the importance of timely initiation of radical surgical treatment for the rhinocerebral form of mucormycosis in the maxillofacial region, which arose against the background of SARS-CoV-2, to prevent the spread of osteomyelitic foci in bone tissue.

CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis of mucormycosis, timely treatment with antipsychotic medications and surgical intervention, control of the level of glycemia, and reasonable use of corticosteroids prevented the development of complications.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):453-460
pages 453-460 views
Clinical and economic efficiency of 2D smile design programs
Zolotarev N.N., Apresyan S.V., Stepanov A.G., Zabaeva M.N.

INTRODUCTION: Modern digital technologies allow achieving high accuracy in patient treatment. Many different 2D programs are available for virtual smile design modeling. This article describes a methodology to assess the clinical and economic efficiency of a 2D smile design planning program. We reveal a step-by-step algorithm for determining the effects, costs, and clinical and economic efficiency indices.

AIM: To study the clinical and cost-effectiveness of 2D smile design planning programs.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: chronometry, cost-effectiveness, cost minimization, cost-utility (utility), cost-benefit, and questioning.

RESULTS: Technology without the use of 2D planning involved providing 11 medical services to a patient with a medical cycle duration of 325 min. The 2D planning technology involved providing 9 medical services to a patient with a medical cycle duration of 177 min. The indicators of clinical and economic efficiency of the medical technologies (with and without 2D smile design planning) were calculated, which demonstrated a large clinical effect (an additional increase in the standard of living by 6 points) with less monetary (76 rubles per patient) and temporary (168 min per patient) costs when using the 2D smile design programs. Technology.

CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained using this methodology to assess the clinical and economic efficiency of the technology confirm the expediency of using the 2D smile design technology in dental practice.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):461-468
pages 461-468 views
Comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of prosthodontic treatment using the original immediate denture design and traditional methods
Guskov A.V., Mashutin S.A., Saidov A.A., Izmaylov D.R., Otnelchenko P.O., Stalmakova A.A.

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic non-correctable periodontal disease, leading to loss of teeth, can be rehabilitated using immediate dentures. However, removable dentures often produce excessive mechanical pressure on the underlying prosthetic bed tissues.

AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of various options for immediate dentures and their effects on the rate of wound healing in patients with a complete absence of teeth due to surgical removal for chronic periodontitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Early prosthodontics treatment was conducted on 30 patients after extracting multiple teeth at the Department of Orthopedic Dentistry and Orthodontics of the Ryazan State Medical University. The patients were divided into 3 groups depending on the options for immediate dentures: 1) combined construction of acrylic, non-monomer and elastic polymer, 2) hot curing acrylic polymer, and 3) thermoplastic plastic. Treatment effectiveness was measured by the objective state of the wound area with a planimetric assessment of wound healing. Pain sensitivity when using the prosthesis was rated according to a numeric rating scale for pain. The stability of prostheses was assessed according to the Mirgazizov method, an assessment of the safety of the drug based on the prosthesis. Diagnostic observations were carried out for 21 days.

RESULTS: Postoperative rehabilitation was faster in groups 1 and 3, than in group 2. By day 21, inflammation persisted only in group 2, which was confirmed by the largest wound size (8.3±1.1 mm) compared with that of groups 1 (5.1±1.9 mm) and 3 (6.3±2.4 mm). Complaints of pain during the use of prostheses were noted in half of the patients in groups 2 and 3, whereas only slight discomfort persisted in 3 patients in group 1. The stability of the prostheses deteriorated in group 3 by day 21 (5.9±1.4 points), indicating lower adaptability of thermoplastic prostheses to changes in the relief of the prosthetic bed than with the combined construction (6.7±1.4 points). The acrylic prostheses demonstrated the lowest adaptability (3.2±1 points). The indicator of daily preservation of drugs under the bases of dentures in group 1 patients was 36.8±2 mm2, that in patients of group 3 was 30.3±1.8 mm2, and that in patients of group 2 was the lowest at 24.4±1.4 mm2.

CONCLUSION: The principle of combining polymeric materials to create immediate dentures was the method of choice for prosthodontics treatment of patients with a complete absence of teeth due to surgical removal, as this category of patients is most sensitive to inflammatory complications during the postoperative period.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):469-480
pages 469-480 views

Experimental and Theoretical Investigation

Treatment of gum recession using SANS MOTS oil
Lopatina N.V., Khaybullina R.R., Danilko K.V., Shangina O.R., Gerasimova L.P., Tukhvatullina D.N.

RELEVANCE: An artificial gum recession defect was created in 50 Wistar rats. SANS MOTS oil containing marque blanche phytoconcentrate with phytosterols was applied to the defect area for 20 min. 5 times, with a 2-day interval.

AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment method.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experimental gum recession model was created by mechanically excising periodontal tissues in a V-shape. Fifty white female rats were used as the model. Surgical intervention was performed on the lower jaw in the incisor area. The animals were divided into 2 groups depending on the planned treatment method. The control group consisted of 10 rats with healthy gums. The SANS MOTS oil was applied to the defect area for 20 min, 5 times, with an interval of 2 days in the other group. The effectiveness of the treatment was evaluated by the proposed method.

RESULTS: Complete restoration of the dentoalveolar papillae and regeneration of periodontal tissues occurred in the experimental gum recession area during the first 28 days. At the same time, the main group developed no signs of inflammation (hyperemia, edema, bleeding gums), which confirms the therapeutic effect of the SANS MOTS oil.

CONCLUSION: The SANS MOTS oil had a beneficial effect on gum recession. The decrease in the intensity and prevalence of gingival inflammation began on day 14. There were no signs of inflammation by day 28 after applying the oil. In addition, there was a noticeable increase in regeneration of the gingival margin by day 24 in the gum recession model, and complete restoration of the gingival papillae and no gum recession were noted by day 38.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):481-485
pages 481-485 views
Laboratory study and clinical application of adhesive marginal fit of dental hard tissue restorations
Latif A.R., Vorobyeva Y.B., Malysheva D.D., Kovalevsky A.M.

BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common disease of the oral cavity, which can usually be treated by direct composite restoration.

AIM: To assess the quality of the marginal fit of adhesive systems and photocomposites to the hard tissues of the tooth.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A scanning electron microscopic study was conducted with 30 restorations on teeth previously removed for medical reasons using a 7th-generation adhesive system from the universal group of various manufacturers and composite materials. The experiment included Tetric N-Bond Universal (Ivoclar Vivadent), Prime&Bond Universal (Dentsply Sirona), OptiBond Universal (Kerr), and composite materials (OptiShade, сeram.х® SphereTec, and Tetric N-Ceram). All of these adhesives can be used with any enamel and dentin conditioning technique or with dual-curing composites; thus, their use is relevant in orthopedic dentistry. Teeth sections were made with restorations and scanning electron microscopy was performed.

RESULTS: The self-etching adhesives of the universal group produced different results after studying the electron diffraction patterns of the teeth sections with restorations. The OptiBond Universal (Kerr) adhesive system had the best marginal fit, followed by Tetric N-Bond Universal (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Prime & Bond Universal (Dentsply Sirona). A clinical case of restoration with a combination of class 5 and 3 cavities according to Black was represented by the OptiShade material.

CONCLUSION: A violation of the marginal fit of the material in the zone of contact with the hard tissues of the tooth was noted in 60% of the cases when using the composite material Ceram.x® SphereTec (Dentsply Sirona) and the adhesive Prime&Bond Universal; 20% — Tetric N-Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Prime&Bond Universal adhesive; in 10% — composite OptiShade (Kerr) and adhesive OptiBond Universal (Kerr). The adhesive should be applied with a brush.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):487-495
pages 487-495 views
Experimental and clinical study of the concentrations of chemical elements in oral fluid from prostheses and implants
Ragulin A.V., Olesov E.E., Zhukova Y.S., Olesova V.N.

BACKGROUND: Electrochemical reactions can occur in the mouth of patients with prostheses made of metal alloys. The phenomena of galvanism reflect the hidden process of corrosion of structural alloys in oral fluid, which makes it necessary to analyze the chemical contents of prostheses under clinical conditions in patients with implants and experimental conditions.

AIM: Comparative analysis of the trace element content in the oral fluid from prostheses in implants in the clinic and an experiment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: National Research Technological University “MISIS” analyzed artificial saliva after prostheses were in contact with grade 4 and grade 5 implants for 3 months. Titanium, cobalt, chromium, aluminum, vanadium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, nickel, and iron were determined by spectrometry. The same chemical elements were analyzed using an identical spectrometric method in 32 patients with fixed dentures on implants.

RESULTS: Under the experimental conditions, nine trace elements were found in the container around one grade 4 implant with a crown, including titanium (0.4 µg/l), cobalt (3.8 µg/l), chromium (0.5 µg/l), aluminum (2.6 µg/l), vanadium (<0.6 µg/l), molybdenum (1.5 µg/l), tungsten (3.0 µg/l), manganese (0.9 µg/l), nickel (0.5 µg/l), and iron (<0.6 µg/l). The grade 5 implant was characterized by a greater degree of diffusion of aluminum, nickel, and manganese into artificial saliva. Mass spectrometry of the oral fluid in patients with dental implants revealed more trace elements than experimental data. The difference in the concentration of microelements from the prostheses under clinical conditions and in the experiment ranged from 0 to 128 times the minimum.

CONCLUSION: Fixing experimental prostheses on implants for 3 months in artificial saliva was accompanied by the diffusion of microelements from the prostheses and implants into the environment, particularly cobalt, aluminum, and vanadium. Prostheses on implants with a lower titanium content are characterized by a greater degree of diffusion of aluminum, cobalt, nickel, and manganese. More significant diffusion of microelements occurred from the prostheses into the saliva under clinical conditions, according to the spectrometric data.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):497-501
pages 497-501 views


Comparative characteristics of the chemical structure of ormokers and traditional composites
Bordina G.E., Lopina N.P., Andreev A.A.

This article presents a review of the advantages of using ormokers rather than composite filling material from a chemical point of view. Ormokers are a modified type of hybrid organo-inorganic dental material. They were developed to reduce the shrinkage of filling material from polymerization, improve edge adaptation and abrasion resistance, and increase biocompatibility (compared to composites). The new matrix is based on inorganic polymers, which are polycondensed siloxanes (triblock copolymers). The formation of an inorganic chain of molecules occurs by hydrolysis and polycondensation of Si(OR) groups. Unstable organosilanols are formed from chlorine-containing silanes, as at least two hydroxyl groups are associated with one carbon atom. Such compounds do not exist, as they are rapidly isomerized to form carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones). The resulting organosilanols are then oligomerized to form polysiloxanes with polymerized groups. The basis for the production of ormokers is the sol-gel process. The classical approach involves the formation of an inorganic grid by hydrolysis and condensation of a monomeric organic alkoxy compound followed by crosslinking of the introduced reactive groups (e.g., ultraviolet polymerization). The traditional synthesis of ormokers begins with the finding that alkoxysilanes are functionalized by metal alkoxides to form Si-O-Si nanostructures. One of the metals that functionalizes alkoxysilanes is titanium. In addition to titanium alkoxide, zirconium- or aluminum-alkoxides can be used. These oligomers replace traditional methacrylic monomers in composites. Composite filling materials available today based on the ormoker technology are not pure ormoker systems. Traditional methacrylate monomers-diluents are used to regulate the viscosity of the condensate, which does not improve biocompatibility. The presence of an amide group in the structure of the ormoker increases their biocompatibility with protein compounds in dental tissues.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):503-512
pages 503-512 views

Memory pages

Professor Natalya Ivanovna Butikova is an outstanding surgeon of the 20th century
Iordanishvili A.K.

Among the outstanding domestic maxillofacial, reconstructive, and plastic surgeons, one of the outstanding figures in the world of medicine and practical healthcare is Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Natalya Ivanovna Butikova.

The purpose of this study is to highlight the scientific, clinical, pedagogical, and social activities of the maxillofacial and plastic surgeon, Professor N.I. Butikova.

Based on an analysis of the domestic literature, we present the role of Professor N.I. Butikova in the creation and development of domestic maxillofacial and plastic surgery. Information on the life of a well-known surgeon in our country, one of the patriarchs of Russian pediatric traumatology and maxillofacial surgery, Professor Natalia Ivanovna Butikova, who turned 110 years old in 2020, is presented. The development of N.I. Butikova as a doctor, researcher, and teacher, and her activities during the Great Patriotic War are noted. The main direction of her scientific activities is in the development and improvement of methods for treating gunshot injuries of tissues in the maxillofacial region and neck and the rehabilitation of wounds with defects in the jaws and tissues of the oral region using bone autoplasty and Filatov’s stalk. Natalya Ivanovna has improved the treatment of facial and neck burns and their consequences, as well as the surgical methods for eliminating mimic muscle paralysis. Her role in the development of oncostomatology, combustiology, pediatric traumatology, and orthopedics is revealed. N.I. Butikova has developed surgical methods to treat syndactyly in children < 1 year using zigzag incisions, improved the free tissue grafting and plasty methods with split skin grafts, and proposed an apparatus for preventing secondary contraction of skin grafts during transplantation. She is one of the pioneers of domestic maxillofacial surgery. N.I. Butikova, as a founder of domestic surgery, a creator of the school of pediatric traumatologists and orthopedists, as well as maxillofacial surgeons, is recognized as one of the patriarchs of national healthcare.

Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2022;26(6):513-517
pages 513-517 views

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